Indonesia’s education system employs more teachers than the world’s largest company by revenue has staff, with a student population larger than the entire country of Spain, all spread across more than 900 inhabited islands.
Access to basic education is almost universal, but secondary school enrolment is just 60 percent, despite an increase of almost 20 percentage points since 2003. Students also lag behind their international peers, with the OECD’s PISA study ranking Indonesia in the bottom 10 percent of countries.
As well as challenges there is also progress: science scores among 15-year-olds improved by 21 points between 2012 and 2015 for example.
This chapter analyses the current state of Indonesia’s education system, detailing its strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for improvement.